PRACTICE TABLE

WORD PROBLEMS

Have children complete the steps below.

Have children practice until they perfectly master each task.

STEP 1

Demonstrate division with various physical objects, marks on the board, and/or an abacus with counters (beads).

To teach 12 ÷ 3 and 12 ÷ 4, demonstrate with 12 objects of various types.

- Write 4 + 4 + 4 = 12 on the board.
- Ask children how times does 4 go into 12? (Divide the 12 objects into 3 groups of 4.)
- Write 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12 on the board.
- Ask children how times does 3 go into 12? (Divide the 12 objects into 4 groups of 3.)
- When children readily call out the correct answers, give them each 12 objects and direct them do the divisions themselves.

Represent the operations using dots or other symbols on the board. Draw the dots and ask:

- How many groups of 4 can we form? (Make 3 groups of 4 dots. Circle each group of dots.)
- How many groups of 3 can we form? (Make 4 groups of 3 dots. Circle each group of dots.)
- When children readily call out the correct answers, direct them to make the marks on the board and circle the groups themselves.

If using an abacus, demonstrate by sliding the counters to illustrate:

- How many groups of 4 can we form out of 12 counters? (Slide over 4 counters on 3 rows.)
- How many groups of 3 can we form out of 12 counters? (Slide over 3 counters on 4 rows.)
- When children readily call out the correct answers, direct them to slide the counters to make the groups themselves.

STEP 2

Children divide objects they can't see, but can imagine (bears, mountains, trees).

Ask the following:

- How many times 3 in 12 beach balls?
- How many times 4 in 12 frogs?

STEP 3

In this phase, do not mention objects. Children divide numbers directly.

Ask the following:

- How many times 4 in 12?
- How many times 3 in 12?
- How many are 12 divided by 4?
- How many are 12 divided by 3?

STEP 4

Write the problems listed in the table below on the board. Show the children the symbol for division ('/' or '÷').

Direct children to write and then recite each of these equations as follows:

- 12 divided by 3 is 4
- 12 ÷ 3 = 4
- 12 divided by 4 is 3
- 12 ÷ 4 = 3

STEP 5

Repeat steps 1-4 for each combination in the table below until the children master the tasks.

STEP 6

Assess mastery by reading aloud the listed word problems and having the children mentally compute and recite the solutions.

If children have difficulties, repeat the prior phases as needed and then reassess.