1. Ireland was divided into two countries in 1921 - the Republic of Ireland (also called just Ireland), an independent country, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
  2. The island is in general level, with mountains along the coast.
  3. Ireland is about the same size as Kansas.
  4. Its climate is mild and moist, and in the early 1900s, the people were chiefly engaged in grazing and agriculture.
  5. The principal products historically were grain, potatoes, hay, and flax. Livestock and linen were exported to England and Scotland.
  6. Its rivers and lakes are numerous. Lough Neagh is the largest lake on the island, and the Lakes of Killarney are celebrated for their beautiful scenery.
  7. The principal cities are Dublin and Cork in Ireland and Belfast in Northern Ireland. Dublin is in the same latitude as the southern point of Alaska.
  8. As of 2020, Ireland has a population of around 4.9 million. Northern Ireland has a population of around 1.8 million.
  9. Bog-peat is commonly used for fuel. Coal, which is imported, is used only in the towns.


  1. The name Ireland was originally Ir or Erin. It was called Hibernia by the Romans. It is sometimes called the Emerald Isle, because of the freshness of its verdure.
  2. Ireland was long governed by its own kings, princes, or chieftains; its four provinces, Ulster, Leinster, Munster, and Connaught. were former kingdoms.
  3. From the 3rd to the 10th century it was ruled by a tribe called the Scots, who called it Scotia, but afterwards transferred the name to Scotland.
  4. Invasions and insurrections were frequent, and the country finally fell into the hands of the English.
  5. Many of its people have a Celtic heritage.


  1. In what direction is Ireland from the United States?
  2. What ocean is west of Ireland?
  3. What is the highest point in Ireland at 1038m?
  4. What sea is east of Ireland?
  5. What are the Shannon, the Barrow, and the Blackwater?
  6. What sea is southeast of Ireland?
  7. What channel is northeast of Ireland?
  8. What city and bay are on the middle of the eastern coast?
  9. What city and bay are on the western side nearly west of Dublin?
  10. In what part of Ireland is Cork?
  11. In what part of Ireland is Limerick?
  12. In what part of Ireland is Waterford?
  13. In what part of Ireland is Sligo?
  14. In what part of Ireland is Galway?
  15. In what part of Ireland is Donegal?
  16. In what part of Ireland is Tralee?